International Journal of Agriculture Extension and Social Development
2022, Vol. 5, Issue 1, Part B
Sustainable agricultural development in India: An overview
Dr. Anuj Kumar, Sonal Meena, Dr. Sunil Kumar and Riya Rana
In the middle of the twentieth century, there was an unprecedented growth in the agricultural sector around the world. Green Revolution technology-driven development has achieved the important goal of total supply of agricultural food grains. This has ensured food security for the growing population. However, the next stage of agricultural development is facing a serious challenge in terms of sustainability. While the main problem faced by the developing countries in the south is related to the sustainability of resource use, the main challenge facing the developed economies in the north is the overuse of chemical inputs. These problems have led to growing awareness and a need to move from input intensive agriculture used during the Green Revolution phase to sustainable farming in different parts of the world. The new agenda in Indian agriculture should set a goal that broadly and clearly focuses on improving agricultural systems and organizing rural development in an integrated manner. Although Indian agriculture has shifted from traditional farming to modern agribusiness, yet to meet the increasing demand, contribute more effectively to reduce poverty and malnutrition and to make it more ecologically sustainable, agriculture must change. This paper analyses and explores measures to tackle various issues related to sustainable agricultural development in India.