International Journal of Agriculture Extension and Social Development
2021, Vol. 4, Issue 2, Part B
Effect of Mucuna pruriens seeds fed to piglets
Rakotomanana Olga Rachel
Pig farming is a high-potential activity with a relatively short production cycle. It provides farmers with a better income. The pigs encountered are of the local type or imported advanced breeds, but the breeding of these local or mixed breeds is still very traditional in Madagascar. The food problem is still present.
FOFIFA in partnership with CIRAD is initiating Agriculture-Livestock Integration. They produce a high biomass in highland conditions.
Mucuna, a legume, is one of the cover crops used in the Support Project for the Dissemination of Agroecological Techniques in Madagascar.
The study of the nutritional value and the valorization of the seeds of Mucuna in complementation with the piglet food on various proportions (8%; 13% and 18%) were conducted. The seeds have a nutritional quality of a rather high protein content with an average of about 43.71% DM. These roasted seeds reduce the anti-nutritional factors present. The weight gain of piglets is significantly positive (p<0.005). A concentration of roasted Mucuna seeds incorporated at 18% gave the best performance.
Feeding these pigs with these seeds (not in competition with human food) accelerates growth, facilitates market profitability and improves real per capita income. The future of peasant agriculture may well lie in the integration of agriculture and livestock: the use of cover crops fed to animals.