International Journal of Agriculture Extension and Social Development
2021, Vol. 4, Issue 1, Part C
Economics, quality and nutrient uptake of sesame [Sesamum indicum L.] as response of varieties to varying levels of sulphur fertilization
Lali Jat, Laxman Kumawat, ML Jat, Surendar Dhayal, BC Dhayal, Sushila Aechra, Roshan Kumawat, Rajendra Kumar, Balveer
A field experiment was conducted at Agronomy farm, S.K.N. College of Agriculture, Jobner (Rajasthan) during kharif¸ 2015 on loamy sand soil. The experiment comprising of four levels of sulphur (0, 20, 40 and 60 kg/ha) and four sesame varieties (RT-125, RT-127, RT-346 and RT-351) thereby making 16 treatment combinations was laid out in randomized block design and replicated thrice.
Results revealed that N, P and S concentration in seed and stalk, their uptake, protein and oil content in seed and oil yield were improved significantly upto 40 kg S/ha. Being at par with 60 kg/ha, sulphur fertilization at 40 kg/ha also fetched 12.7 and 64.2% more net returns over 20 kg/ha and control, respectively. The maximum sulphur use efficiency was recorded when its level was raised from 0 to 20 kg/ha.
It is further apparent from the data that N and P concentration in seed and stalk of sesame was not influenced significantly due to different varieties while S concentration in seed is significantly higher in RT-351 than the other varieties. It also represented significant improvement is nutrient uptake, oil content in seed and oil yield and fetched the maximum net returns of ₹52073/ha with the highest B: C ratio (2.74) among all the varieties. Application of sulphur at 49.19 kg/ha was found as the optimum dose for sesame as derived from response function.
Lali Jat, Laxman Kumawat, ML Jat, Surendar Dhayal, BC Dhayal, Sushila Aechra, Roshan Kumawat, Rajendra Kumar, Balveer. Economics, quality and nutrient uptake of sesame [Sesamum indicum L.] as response of varieties to varying levels of sulphur fertilization. Int J Agric Extension Social Dev 2021;4(1):217-221. DOI: 10.33545/26180723.2021.v4.i1c.177