International Journal of Agriculture Extension and Social Development
2021, Vol. 4, Issue 1, Part A
Determinants and food security impacts of small-scale irrigation in Ethiopia
Ethiopia is principally an agronomic country with the vast majority of it people directly or indirectly involved in agriculture. Agriculture in the country is regularly small-scale rainfall reliant, traditional and survival farming with limited access to technology and institutional support services. The objective of this review was to review determinants of Small-scale irrigation participation and its impact on house hold food security. The review indicates that a much higher proportion of those who are poor are non-irrigating rather than irrigating households. Thus, the food insecurity occurrence in non-irrigating households is greater than in irrigating households. This suggests that small-scale irrigation has an important influence on household food security. This analysis shows that use of small-scale irrigation reduces the probability of a household being poor, controlling other factors. There were several challenges of irrigation use such as Lack of capacity to build irrigation cannel’s by own resources, Luck of irrigable farm land, insufficient flow of water, Lack of extension support by government office, Lack of access to other inputs and Entry barriers by set by irrigation water users’ association.