International Journal of Agriculture Extension and Social Development
2018, Vol. 1, Issue 2, Part A
Indian agriculture and confronting issues: An critical assessment
As a source of livelihood, agriculture (including forestry and fishing) remains the largest sector of Indian Economy. While its output share fell from 28.3% in 1993-94 to 14.4% in 2011-12, employment share declined from 64.8% to 48.9% over the same period. Therefore, almost half of the workforce in India still remains dependent on agriculture. Given the low share of this workforce in the GDP, on average, it earns much lower income poorer than its counterpart in industry and services. Therefore, progress in agriculture has a bearing on the fate of the largest proportion of the low income population in India. The paper identifies important aspects of agriculture that need immediate attention to bring economic advantages to millions of farm families. Preferably output per hectare, which is a common measure of agricultural productivity, remains low for many crops when compared to many other countries. In the above setting this paper briefly explore the current situation of Indian Agriculture and further critically examines the Issues Confronting Indian Agriculture finally concludes that it needs to strengthen policy interventions for the rejuvenation of agriculture as well as ensuring a decent life for farmers by rising productivity.